11 Aug 2016

Anatomy Quiz / answers # 3

1.   What is laminectomy?

       Ans: Surgical procedure that removes a portion (lamina) of the vertebral bone.

2.   What is choledocholithiasis?

       Ans: The presence of a gallstone in the common bile duct.

3.   What is aortic regurgitation?

       Ans: Leaking of the aortic valve of the heart that causes blood to flow in the reverse direction during ventricular diastole, from the aorta into the left ventricle.

4.   What is microhematuria?

       Ans: Blood in the urine and that is visible only under a microscope.

5.   What is cardiomegaly?

       Ans: Abnormal enlargement of the heart.

6.   What is pneumothorax?

       Ans: Presence of air in the cavity between the lungs and the chest wall.

7.   What is a colon polyp?

       Ans: A small clump of cells that forms on the lining of the colon or rectum.

8.   What is the difference between benign and malignant tumors?

       Ans: A benign tumor is a tumor that does not invade its surrounding tissue or spread around the body. A malignant tumor is a tumor that may invade its surrounding tissue or spread around the body.

9.   What is antepartum?

       Ans: period starts when the woman's pregnancy is diagnosed and ends just before the baby is delivered

10.  What is apnea?

        Ans: Temporary cessation of breathing

11.  What is carpal tunnel syndrome?

        Ans: Numbness, tingling and weakness, in your hand because of pressure on the median nerve in the wrist.

12.  What is deep vein thrombosis?

        Ans: Blood clot forms in a vein located deep inside your body.

13.  What is liver cirrhosis?

        Ans: severe scarring of the liver and poor liver function.

14.  What is lumbar spondylosis?

        Ans: Osteoarthritis (Degeneration) of the lumbar spine.

15.  What is oligospermia?

        Ans: Deficiency of sperm cells in the semen.